This is the second episode of a special series of podcasts about grammar in context. In the last podcast we looked at the present simple and now it’s time for the present continuous. This might be very easy for you but it’s important to make sure you’re not making basic mistakes with the easier grammar before you try to use the more difficult grammar and vocabulary.
Form: Subject + Be + Main Verb -ing
“Be” is here the Auxiliary Verb, and has to be conjugated, as in all other continuous (or progressive) tenses
Contractions: Auxiliary Verb to be (I’m, you’re, he’s, she’s, it’s, we’re, they’re)
Negative form: Subject + Be + Not + Main Verb -ing
Contractions: Auxiliary Verb to be negative (you aren’t, he isn’t, she isn’t, it isn’t, we aren’t, they aren’t)
Questions: Be + Subject + Main Verb -ing
We use present continuous to talk about something that’s happening in the moment of speaking
We use present continuous to talk about something temporary, not permanent
We also use present continuous to talk about something contrasting with the past. There has to be a contrast between the past and the present state.
Present continuous is also used when we want to talk about future plans or arrangements
We use present continuous to talk about something that happens again and again, often in a negative way
Say what are always doing the following people
What’s your brother/sister/partner always doing?
Are you getting into anything at the moment?
Are you keeping fit at moment?
What are you doing right now?